What Is A Messianic Israelite Congregation?
By James King
Revised November 16, 2008
The word Messianic comes from the word "Messiah," which is a title for the Son of God that means "the anointed one." The Messiah is the prophesied deliverer of Israel, and His name is Yeshua (the actual, original name of Jesus—more on that later). Even though "Messiah" has essentially the same meaning as "Christ," we use "Messiah" more often because it is closer to the original Hebrew word for Messiah (mashiach), while "Christ" is derived from the Greek word "Christos," which came into use centuries later when Scripture was translated from the original Hebrew into Greek. Using the term "Messianic" instead of "Christian" emphasizes the Hebrew roots of our faith.
A Messianic congregation recognizes that religion which is based on faith and belief in the Creator of the universe as described in the Bible, and in His Son, is now and always was Hebraic (of the Hebrews), and should still be based on study and personal application of the Hebrew Scriptures (the Old Testament) as well as the New Testament. Contrary to popular belief, the New Testament did NOT replace the older Scriptures, but is actually a continuation of the Hebrew Scriptures, built on the foundation of the Torah (the first five books of the Bible), the historical account of Israel told by Moses that includes God's principles for living, His teaching and instructions. The first believers in Yeshua were Hebrew-speaking Jewish people who accepted Him as their prophesied Messiah; we read about them in the Gospels and in the book of Acts. The religion of these Messianic believers was not considered a new one, but rather a development within the religion of the Israelites (Judaism), and eventually came to be called Messianic Judaism. Today Messianic congregations may include both Jews and Gentiles (non-Jews), worshipping together as one body of believers in the Messiah.
Frequently in this article "Yahweh" is used for God's name out of love and respect for Him and for His actual name in the original Hebrew language of the Scriptures. The Holman Christian Standard Bible is used for Scripture quotations (except where noted), but these quotations may be edited in some instances to substitute His original sacred Hebrew name "Yahweh" instead of the "the LORD" as it was used in the original Hebrew language of Scripture, and "Yeshua" is used instead of "Jesus" in order to show Him love and honor by using His actual name.
Note: in Scripture quotations the words of Yahweh and Yeshua will appear in italics.
All Believers Become Part of Israel
The first believers were Jewish, and the Bible was written mostly by Hebrew people; the New Testament was entirely written by Jews, with the possible exception of Luke. Therefore, understanding Jewish things helps us to better understand the Bible. History and Scripture show us that early non-Jewish believers ("Gentiles") worshipped in Jewish ways along with Jews in Jewish synagogues and led a lifestyle of obedience to God's commandments in the Hebrew Scriptures. According to the New Testament, when Gentile believers enter into a covenant relationship with Yeshua they actually become part of Israel:
So then, remember that at one time you were Gentiles in the flesh… At that time you were without the Messiah, excluded from the citizenship of Israel, and foreigners to the covenants of the promise, with no hope and without God in the world. But now in Christ Jesus, you who were far away have been brought near by the blood of the Messiah…So then you are no longer foreigners and strangers, but fellow citizens with the saints, and members of God's household… (Ephesians 2:11-13, 19).
you belong to Christ, then you are Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the
(Galatians 3:29, NIV).
The New Testament also teaches in the book of Romans, chapter 11, that Gentile believers become part of Israel by being "grafted in" to the "cultivated olive tree" which symbolizes the nation of Israel. Israelites who did not accept Yeshua as Messiah were "cut off"; the Apostle Paul, who was Jewish, hoped the Jews would become envious of the Gentile believers and then accept Yeshua. At the same time, he warned the Gentiles that God would cut them off if they did not continue in their faith:
Now I am speaking to you Gentiles. In view of the fact that I am an apostle to the Gentiles, I magnify my ministry, if I can somehow make my own people jealous and save some of them…Now if some of the branches were broken off, and you, though a wild olive branch, were grafted in among them, and have come to share in the rich root of the cultivated olive tree, do not brag that you are better than those branches. But if you brag – you do not sustain the root, but the root sustains you. Then you will say, "Branches were broken off so that I might be grafted in." True enough; they were broken off by unbelief, but you stand by faith. Do not be arrogant, but be afraid. For if God did not spare the natural branches, he will not spare you either. Therefore, consider God's kindness and severity : severity to those who have fallen, but God's kindness toward you, if you remain in his kindness. Otherwise you too will be cut off. And even they, if they do not remain in unbelief, will be grafted in, because God has the power to graft them in again. For if you were cut off from your native wild olive, and against nature were grafted into a cultivated olive tree, how much more will these – the natural branches – be grafted into their own tree? (Romans 11:13-14, 17-24).
All Believers Enter Into a Covenant Relationship with God
Eternal life is given to us when we repent of sin and accept Yeshua as the Messiah, the Son of God, who paid the sin-debt (death) for those who repent and believe in Him. Understanding that repentant Gentile believers actually become part of Israel should help us to properly understand our relationship with God; when we embrace the Jewish Messiah, we enter into the covenant (agreement, contract) between God and His people, Israel. We become part of Israel and partakers of the covenants God has made with His people. In His covenants, He agrees to love and protect His people, and they are expected to obey His teaching and instructions.
Messianic Believers Study and Live By the Entire Bible, Not Just the New Testament
Although the entire Bible is studied and taught in Messianic congregations, there is a special focus on the "Torah," the first five books of the Bible. The Torah is God's teaching and instruction for His people and it teaches us how to live long, healthy, productive lives that honor Him through obedience to His commandments. The Torah, along with the Writings and the Prophets make up the "Tanach" (the Old Testament), and this is the Bible that Yeshua believed and taught. Many people call it "the Law," which unfortunately suggests a negative connotation that was not intended or understood by the Hebrews. The Apostle Paul in the New Testament wrote the following about the Bible (keep in mind that at the time he wrote this the Old Testament is the only Bible that existed):
All Scripture is inspired by God and is profitable for teaching, for rebuking, for correcting, for training in righteousness, so that the man of God may be complete, equipped for every good work (2 Timothy 3:16).
The greatest command to us in Scripture is stated in both the Torah and in the New Testament:
Yahweh your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your
"Teacher, which commandment in the Law is the greatest?"
Yeshua said to him, "Love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind" (Matthew 22:36-37).
So how are we supposed to do this? Does theBible explain how we should show our love for God? It's more than just having warm feelings and emotions for God. Yeshua repeatedly taught (in the New Testament, of course), as did the Apostle John, that we should show our love for Him by obeying His commandments:
"If you love Me, you will keep My commandments" (John 14:15).
"Whoever has my commands and obeys them, he is the one who loves me…" (John 14:21, NIV).
Yeshua replied, "If anyone loves me, he will obey my teaching" (John 14:23 NIV).
"If you obey my commands, you will remain in my love…" (John 15:10, NIV).
"Therefore go and make disciples of all nations baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you" (Matthew 28:19-20 NIV).
This is love for God: to obey his commands. And his commands are not burdensome... (1 John 5:3-4, NIV).
Scripture clearly states that the greatest commandment is to love God with all your heart, soul, strength and mind, and that the way to demonstrate that love is to obey His commandments. Scripture says repeatedly that we if we love the Lord we will obey His commandments, and that if we are obedient, we will experience His blessings:
Keep His statutes and commands, which I am giving you today, so that you and your children after you will prosper and so that you may live long in the land the LORD your God is giving you for all time (Deuteronomy 4:40).
you pay attention to these laws and are careful to follow them, then Yahweh
your God will keep his covenant of love with you, as he swore to your
forefathers. He will love you and bless you and increase your numbers.
He will bless the fruit of your womb, the crops of your land — your grain, new
wine and oil — the calves of your herds and the lambs of your flocks in the
land that he swore to your forefathers to give you. You will be blessed more
than any other people; none of your men or women will be childless, nor any
of your livestock without young. Yahweh will keep you free from every disease.
He will not inflict on you the horrible diseases you knew in Egypt, but he will inflict them on all who hate you
(Deuteronomy 7:12-15, NIV).
Now if you faithfully obey Yahweh your God and are careful to follow all his commands I am giving you today, Yahweh your God will put you far above all the nations of the earth. All these blessings will come and overtake you, because you obey Yahweh your God. (Deuteronomy 28:1-2).
How happy is everyone who fears Yahweh, who walk in his ways! (Psalms 128:1).
Abundant peace belongs to those who love your instruction; nothing makes them stumble (Psalms 119:165).
If we genuinely love God, we will want to please Him by doing what He instructs us to do in His word.
To do that, we need to study and learn which commandments are applicable to us today; some of them could only be obeyed in the Temple in Jerusalem, which no longer exists, and therefore cannot be obeyed now. If we refuse to be obedient to God's commandments, then we have not truly submitted to Him, we have not truly repented, and we may put our eternal destiny in jeopardy:
We know that we have come to know him if we obey his commands. The man who says, "I know him," but does not do what he commands is a liar, and the truth is not in him. But if anyone obeys his word, God's love is truly made complete in him. This is how we know we are in him: Whoever claims to live in him must walk as Yeshua did (1 John 2:3-6, NIV).
(Yeshua speaking) "Not everyone who says to Me, 'Lord, Lord!' will enter the kingdom of heaven, but only the one who does the will of My Father in heaven. On that day many will say to Me, 'Lord, Lord, didn't we prophesy in Your name, drive out demons in Your name, and do many miracles in Your name?' Then I will announce to them, 'I never knew you! Depart from Me, you lawbreakers!'" (Matthew 7:21-23)
You may have heard that the commandments have been abolished; here is what Yeshua himself says about it:
"Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill* them. I tell you the truth, until heaven and earth disappear, not the smallest letter, not the least stroke of a pen, will by any means disappear from the Law until everything is accomplished. Anyone who breaks one of the least of these commandments and teaches others to do the same will be called least in the kingdom of heaven, but whoever practices and teaches these commands will be called great in the kingdom of heaven" (Matthew 5:17-19).
*Fulfill here means: to "make full" the meaning, to bring a fuller understanding, to rightly interpret, to make clear, to reveal the full depth of meaning that was intended. It does NOT mean that the obedience to the Law is no longer expected. Please notice that only three words earlier Yeshua said He did NOT come to abolish the Law, referring to the Torah (Genesis through Deuteronomy). Contrary to what you may have been taught, the commandments of God found in the Torah have NOT been abolished. Also, Yeshua said that until heaven and earth disappear, nothing would disappear from the Law (the Torah), and heaven and earth have not disappeared. Yeshua's fulfilling of the Torah does not do away with our need to obey God's commandments. The Apostle Paul confirmed this in several passages in the New Testament book of Romans:
We have received grace and apostleship through Him to bring about the obedience of faith among all the nations on behalf of His name (Romans 1:5).
Do we then cancel the law through faith? Absolutely not! On the contrary, we uphold the law (Romans 3:31).
So then, the law is holy, and the commandment is holy and just and good (Romans 7:12).
For it is not those who hear the law who are righteous in God's sight, but it is those who obey the law who will be declared righteous (Romans 2:13-14).
Messianic Believers Worship on the Biblical Sabbath (Seventh Day)
Messianic believers worship on the true Biblical Sabbath (the seventh day of the week, not the first) as instructed in the fourth of the Ten Commandments:
"Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is a Sabbath to Yahweh your God. On it you shall not do any work, neither you, nor your son or daughter, nor your manservant or maidservant, nor your animals, nor the alien within your gates. For in six days Yahweh made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but he rested on the seventh day. Therefore Yahweh blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy" (Exodus 20:8-11, NIV).
Yahweh said to Moses, "Speak to the Israelites and say to them: 'These are my appointed feasts, the appointed feasts of Yahweh, which you are to proclaim as sacred assemblies. There are six days when you may work, but the seventh day is a Sabbath of rest, a day of sacred assembly. You are not to do any work; wherever you live, it is a Sabbath to Yahweh'" (Leviticus 23:1-3).
Scripture plainly states that the Sabbath, the seventh day (Saturday), is the day that God commands His people to assemble for worship. The Jewish people have observed the Sabbath each week for thousands of years so we can be sure of which day it is. This is the same day that Yeshua and the apostles observed and taught others to observe, as shown by the following verses:
He [Yeshua] went away from there and came to his hometown, and his disciples followed Him. When the Sabbath came, he began to teach in the synagogue, and many who heard him were astonished (Mark 6:1-2).
He [Yeshua] came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up. As usual, He entered the synagogue on the Sabbath day and stood up to read (Luke 4:16).
Then He [Yeshua] went down to Capernaum, a town in Galilee, and was teaching them on the Sabbath (Luke 4:31).
As He [Yeshua] was teaching in one of the synagogues on the Sabbath... (Luke 13:10).
They [Paul and his companions] continued their journey from Perga and reached Antioch in Pisidia. On the Sabbath they went into the synagogue and sat down. After the reading from the Law and the Prophets, the synagogue rulers sent word to them, saying, "Brothers, if you have any message of encouragement for the people, you can speak" (Acts 13:14-15).
As Paul and Barnabas were leaving the synagogue, the people invited them to speak further about these things on the next Sabbath (Acts 13:42, NIV).
As his custom was, Paul went into the synagogue, and on three Sabbath days he reasoned with them from the Scriptures... (Acts 17:2, NIV).
[Paul] reasoned in the synagogue every Sabbath
and tried to persuade both Jews and Greeks [Gentiles]
A Sabbath rest remains, therefore, for God's people. For the person who has entered His rest has rested from his works, just as God did from His. Let us then make every effort to enter that rest, so that none will fall... (Hebrews 4:9-11).
The day of worship was
never changed to Sunday in the Bible.
The change was made "official" by Roman Emperor Constantine in the
year 325 AD to further differentiate Gentile non-Jewish believers from the
Sabbath-keeping Jews who were hated by that time, and to make it easier for pagans
and cult members who worshipped the sun on Sun-day to convert to Christianity,
the emperor's new religion, without having to change their day of worship. In
the article "Sunday," The Encyclopaedia Britannica, seventh edition,
1842, it says: "It was Constantine who first made a law of the proper
observance of Sunday; and who, according to Eusebius, appointed that it should
be regularly celebrated throughout the Roman Empire." From Forerunner Commentary: "In 325 A.D.
at the Council of Nicea, the Roman Emperor Constantine changed the official day
of worship of the Roman Empire from the Sabbath, which was kept by the New
Testament church, to Sunday, in order to appease the sun-worshipping
pagans...This was done with the acceptance of the Church, but it was the Roman
emperor who made it into law, and thousands of people were put to death for
observing the Sabbath instead of Sunday." This change was formalized by
the Catholic Church Council of Laodicea in 364 A.D. The Catholic Church
fully admits that the establishment of Sunday as the day of worship is
completely their act. This change was also accepted by most Protestant
groups and denominations. We should obey God's command in the Bible,
confirmed by the examples of Yeshua and the Apostles, rather than go along with
the changes made by men. Note also that, according to the Hebrew calendar (and
Scripture), the Sabbath begins at sundown Friday and ends at sundown Saturday.
Some Messianic groups meet on Friday night instead of Saturday. Either way,
they are meeting on the Biblical Sabbath.
Messianic Believers Sometimes Worship in Jewish Ways
Messianic congregations may embrace
some Jewish elements of worship such as Jewish songs, dancing during the praise
and worship music, Jewish articles of clothing such as a kippah (Jewish hat),
tzitzit (tassels), or tallits (prayer shawls), and Jewish rituals such as the "blessing
of the children" and the "blowing of the shofar" (an ancient
musical instrument made from the horn of a ram). They may also things that are
familiar to most Christians such as popular praise and worship music, prayer
requests, praise reports, and a sermon based on that week's Bible reading. In a
Messianic assembly you may see both Jews and non-Jews worshipping together as
one people; all who have repented of sin and profess faith in Yeshua are
welcome to come together as one to learn about the things of God and what He
wants for us, His people of Israel, whether natural-born Jews or Gentiles who
are grafted in.
Messianic Believers Observe God's Holy Days
God's annual Holy Days (holidays, or festivals) are observed by Messianic believers. These include Passover (Pesach), Feast of Unleavened Bread (Chag Hamotzi), Feast of Firstfruits (Bikkurim), Pentecost (Shavu'ot), Feast of Trumpets (Rosh Hashana), Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur), and the Feast of Tabernacles or Feast of Booths (Sukkot). These are not Jewish holidays; they are God's Holy Days, His appointments for ALL of His people to observe. They are all commanded and described in Leviticus 23.
Messianic Believers Sometimes Use the Original Hebrew Names of People and Bible Books
In some Messianic congregations the original Hebrew names of people in the Bible and the original Hebrew names of Bible books are used instead of the English names. Frequently a Jewish version of Scripture (such as The Complete Jewish Bible) is used for Scripture readings. The main difference is that most of the proper names of our Creator, the Messiah, people and places appear in the original Hebrew form rather than the English translations that appear in the Bibles used in most Catholic and Protestant churches. For example, "Moses" is called "Moshe."
What About the "Sacred Names"?
Some Messianic congregations are "Sacred Name" congregations; they believe that the original names for "God" and "Jesus" must always be used, and that names or titles such as God, Lord, and Jesus should not be used. Halleluyah Ministries is NOT a "sacred name only" congregation; we do use the original names sometimes, but we do not agree that using God and Lord to refer to our Father in heaven is wrong. We prefer to use Yeshua instead of Jesus as that is His real, actual name, but we won't criticize anyone for using Jesus and we do use it at times.
Now that our position is clear, here is a brief study on the sacred names. The Bible asks us if we know their names:
Who has established all the ends of the earth?
What is his name, and the name of his son?
Tell me if you know! (Proverbs 30:4, NIV).
Our Father in heaven has a name that He chose for Himself, and according to the original Hebrew Scriptures His actual proper name is not "the LORD" or "God." We must remember that the Scriptures were written in Hebrew, not in English. The English equivalent of His actual name in the original Hebrew language is YHWH or YHVH (ancient Hebrew writing did not use vowels the way English does). This name appears in the original Hebrew Scriptures over 6500 times! Numerous scholars, both religious and secular, and most encyclopedias confirm that YHWH is His original Hebrew name. Filling in the missing vowels for easier reading and pronunciation results in "Yahweh," usually pronounced yah-way. Most scholars agree on this pronunciation, although other fairly common variations include yah-vay, yah-ho-way, and yah-ho-vey.
Why do English language Bibles say "the LORD" or "God" instead of Yahweh? In the third of the Ten Commandments, our Creator forbids misusing His name (taking His name in vain in the King James Version). Long ago, back in Bible times, some devout Jews had a great fear of violating this command and became afraid to even attempt to pronounce it in fear of mispronouncing the name, so when reading the Scriptures aloud if they came to the name YHWH they would substitute the word "Adonai," a Hebrew word that means "my sovereign master" or "lord," and in conversation and teaching they would substitute "HaShem," which means, "the name." They simply wanted to avoid the possibility of violating the sacredness of His personal, sacred name by mispronouncing it. They came to regard the name Yahweh as being too sacred to pronounce, so to be safe, they substituted other names such as "Adonai" or "HaShem." This practice eventually became a tradition that is still followed today. The King James Version of the Bible (the first major English version) in the year 1611 incorrectly translated YHWH to "the LORD" or "God" and in a few instances rendered it as "Jehovah" (a mistranslation of "Yahweh"). Most modern English Bible versions and translations still follow the tradition of using "the LORD" or "God" in place of "Yahweh."
What is wrong with this tradition? It is improper and inappropriate to translate a personal name into another language, especially the sacred name of our Creator. For example, even though the Italian name "Guiseppe" corresponds to "Joseph" and "verde" is the Italian word for "green," an American named Joseph Green visiting Italy would not be called "Guiseppe Verde." Ariel Sharon is still Ariel Sharon in any country or language. Your name would be the same no matter what part of the world you visit. If you were discussed on television or radio in a foreign country your name would be pronounced as it is at home. If you were written about in newspapers or magazines in another language your name would stay the same. Personal names of specific individuals should be transliterated, not translated. In other words, personal names should still retain the original pronunciation as much as possible while using the alphabet characters of the second language. Biblical scholars began again to use the original name "Yahweh" in the 19th and 20th centuries, and in recent years new Bible versions have begun to be published that restore the original sacred names.
In Scripture our heavenly Father Yahweh also sometimes refers to Himself by another word in the original Hebrew language: "Elohim," sometimes abbreviated to "El." (Technically, "Elohim" is the plural form of "El" but is frequently used in a singular sense.) "Elohim" is not really a name, but rather a title. The most common meanings are "mighty one" and "ruler." Sometimes His sacred name and this title are used together, as in "Yahweh your Elohim," commonly translated in most Bibles as "the LORD, your God." At other times He uses the word "Elohim" alone, which is usually translated as "God." Frequently in this article "Yahweh" is used for our Father's name out of love and respect for Him and for His actual name in the original language of the Hebrew Scriptures. The Holman Christian Standard Bible is used for Scripture quotations (except where noted), but these quotations may be edited to substitute His original sacred Hebrew name "Yahweh" instead of the "the LORD" if it was used in the original Hebrew language of Scripture, and "Yeshua" may be used instead of "Jesus" in order to show Him love and honor by using His actual name.
Note: in Scripture quotations the words of Yahweh and Yeshua will appear in italics.
The Bible tells us His name, considers it sacred and says we should use it and we should call on His name:
"I am Yahweh, that is My name; I will not give My glory to another or My praise to idols" (Isaiah 42:8).
"If you don't listen, and if you don't take it to heart to honor my name," says Yahweh of Hosts, "I will send a curse among you, and I will curse your blessings. In fact, I have already begun to curse them, because you are not taking it to heart" (Malachi 2:2).
And on that day you will say: "Give thanks to Yahweh, proclaim His name! Celebrate His deeds among the peoples. Declare that His name is exalted" (Isaiah 12:4).
"…They will call on my name, and I will answer them. I will say: These are my people, and they will say, 'Yahweh is our God." (Zechariah 13:9).
May they know that You alone – whose name is Yahweh — are the Most High over all the earth (Psalms 83:18).
"Therefore, I am about to inform them, and this time I will make them know My power and My might; then they will know that my name is Yahweh" (Jeremiah 16:21).
I will bow down toward your holy temple and will give thanks to Your name for Your constant love and faithfulness. You have exalted Your name and Your promise above everything else (Psalms 138:2).
Perhaps you have read or recited "The Lord's Prayer" at some time in your life. Yeshua was teaching his followers how to pray and used this model prayer as an example. It begins with these words:
"Pray then in this way: 'Our Father who art in heaven, hallowed be Thy name'" (Matthew 6:9, NAS).
Do you know what "hallowed be Thy name" means? It means "may Your name be honored and kept holy." How could we possibly honor His name and keep it holy without using the sacred name that He calls Himself?
The third of the Ten Commandments tells us to not misuse His name:
"Do not misuse the name of Yahweh your God, because Yahweh will punish anyone who misuses his name" (Exodus 20:7).
This commandment is repeated in Leviticus 22:32:
"You must not profane My holy name; I must be treated as holy among the Israelites. I am Yahweh..." (Leviticus 22:32).
We should not be afraid to use His real name, but we should always use it with reverence. Yahweh considered His name so sacred that He included a command to not misuse it in the Ten Commandments with a warning of punishment for those who misuse it. And just in case you think that these verses apply only to Jewish people (or Israelites of any tribe), notice what the Bible says about God's name and Gentiles (anyone who is not an Israelite):
"For from the rising of the sun, even to its going down, My name shall be great among the Gentiles;
In every place incense shall be offered to My name And a pure offering; For My name shall be great among the nations," says Yahweh of hosts (Malachi 1:11, NKJV).
(Yahweh speaking to Ananias about the Apostle Paul) "Go! This man is my chosen instrument to carry my name before the Gentiles and their kings and before the people of Israel" (Acts 9:15, NIV).
What about the name of His son, the Messiah? The actual, original name of the Messiah is "Yeshua" (sometimes spelled Yahshua or Y'shua). The name "Yeshua" literally means "Yahweh is my salvation" or "He will save." The Bible declares that both the name of Yahweh and the Son's name are above all names (see Philippians 2:9, Nehemiah 9:5). "Jesus" is an incorrect translation of His name, a result of being translated from Hebrew or Aramaic to Greek ("Iesous"), then to Latin ("Iesus") and then to English. Remember, proper names of specific individuals should not change phoenitcally from one language to another; they should sound the same. Yeshua was Jewish and His name is a Hebrew name, and we believe that His real name should be used out of love and respect.
SUMMARY – Messianic Israelite believers typically (but not always):
Worship with us at each Sabbath at 1:00 pm
223 E. 117th St. South, Jenks, OK 74037
Visit our website at http://www.halleluyahministries.com
Telephone: (918) 298-5464
Ministers Jim and Connie King
GLOSSARY of some common Messianic/Hebrew/Jewish terms
B'rit Hadashah...the writings of the apostles after Messiah came (commonly referred to as the "New Testament")
Day of Atonement…see Yom Kippur
El…"Mighty One." Not a proper name but a title indicating greatness, strength, or deity, frequently used to show the Creator's superiority. Usually refers to God, but sometimes to rulers, men.
Elohim…plural of El. Its use in Genesis 1:1 shows that God was not alone in creation, that Yeshua existed from the beginning (Ephesians 3:9, Colossians 1:16) Also sometimes is used in the sense of deities, whether true or false.
Feast of Unleavened Bread…feast that follows Pesach (Passover)
Feast of Firstfruits…Pentecost, a time to remember our covenant with God.
Feast of Tabernacles…see Sukkot
Feast of Trumpets…this feast pictures the return of Yeshua "at the last trump" and the events surrounding His return. (Leviticus 23:24, 1 Thessalonians 4:16, 1 Corinthians 15:52)
Last Great Day…immediately follows the Feast of Tabernacles and represents the great white throne judgment when God judges the people of the world according to their works (Leviticus 23:39, John 7:37-39, Revelation 20:11-13)
Messiah (from the Hebrew Mashiach, meaning "the anointed one") is a human descendant of King David, who will rebuild the nation of Israel and restore the Davidic Kingdom; thus bringing world peace. Yeshua (Jesus) is the Messiah.
Midrash…discussion of Scripture
Mitzvot (plural)...God's commandments (or man's obedient deeds done in submission and willingness). General principles for living and good deeds. Singular form is Mitzvah.
Parashah/Parsha...Torah portion. The Torah is divided into portions, one to be read and studied each week.
Pesach…the Passover, God's holy day that occurs once each spring in remembrance of the passing over of the angel of death in Egypt and also of Messiah's death. Immediately followed by the Feast of Unleavened Bread. (Leviticus 23:5-6, Matthew 26:18, Acts 20:6)
Pentecost…the third high or annual Sabbath 50 days after Pesach (Passover). A time to remember our covenant with God. Also known as the Feast of Firstfruits. (Leviticus 23:15-17, Acts 2:1, 20:16, 1 Corinthians 16:8)
Ruach HaKodesh…God's spirit, the Holy Spirit
Sabbath/Shabbat…the seventh day of the week, the day God commanded us to remember and keep holy in the 4th commandment. (See Exodus 20:8-10, Leviticus 23:3, Hebrews 4:9-11)
Sage…a mentor in spiritual and philosophical topics who is renowned for profound wisdom
Sha'ul...Paul, the apostle to the Gentiles
Sukkot... name of the festival that commemorates the Israelites' wanderings in the desert after leaving Egypt...The Feast of Tabernacles or Booths. (Leviticus 23:34, John 7, Acts 18:21)
Tallit...Prayer shawl with ceremonial fringes or tassels (tzittzit) on four corners
Talmud…an authoritative record of rabbinic discussions on Jewish law, ethics, customs, legends and stories. It is a fundamental source of legislation, customs, case histories and moral exhortations. The Talmud comprises two components, the Mishnah and the Gemara.
Tanakh…the Jewish bible, consisting of the Torah, Prophets and Writings (commonly referred to as "The Old Testament")
Tzitzit (plural tzitziyot)...Ceremonially knotted fringes or tassels to be worn on all four-cornered garments
Yahweh…our heavenly Father's personal, sacred, name. His original Hebrew name is written in English as YHWH (or YHVH), usually written and pronounced "Yahweh." ("Jehovah" is a 17th century mistranslation of His name.)
Yeshua…the original Hebrew name of our Messiah. "Jesus" is the English form of the Greek "Iesous." The true and proper form is the original Hebrew name, Yeshua (sometimes spelled Yahshua or Y'shua).
Yom Kippur...this solemn observance reminds us of the covering of our sins by the blood of the Lamb. A special day in which we take in no food or drink for 24 hours. Also known as the Day of Atonement. (Leviticus 23:27, Acts 27:9)